The National Defence Academy is a center with great values and military ethics. It attracts the best youth in our nation and friendly countries to transform them into officers and gentlemen. During the last seven decades of its glorious existence, the National Defence Academy has grown in different fields. The academy has equipped the youth with ‘leaders’ who have lived up to its ethos: ‘Seva Paramo Dharma’ (Service Before Self).
The idea of the NDA conceived at the end of World War II when six years of hard fighting strongly emphasized the need for ‘Jointness’ in modern warfare. On May 2, 1945, a Committee was set up to consider the possibility of establishing a specialized training center for the Armed Forces.
Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru himself laid the foundation stone on 06 Oct 1949 of National Defence Academy for military education in Khadakwasla, Pune. Officially it was inaugurated on 16 January 1955.
The NDA training is designed in such a way that the cadets are able to meet the challenges of warfare with the aim of leading the troops by setting an example of leading from the front. They are mentally, morally and physically ready to face challenges in a normal and unfamiliar environment.
The academic syllabus includes science, technology, arts and military subjects. The three-year course is split into six terms. After the completion of the three year program, a cadet is awarded a Bachelor’s Degree from the Jawaharlal Nehru University. Training includes drill, swimming, horse riding, number of games along with adventure activities. During his training at the Academy, a Cadet is imbibed with Officer like qualities.
On completing the training at NDA, the cadets proceed to Indian Military Academy at Dehradun, Naval cadets to Indian Naval Academy at Ezhimala and Air Force cadets to the Air Force Academy at Hyderabad. They are commissioned as Officers into respective services after completion of one year at respective academies.
How to Get Into NDA?
You have to clear the following stages to be in NDA:
Stage 1 – Written Examination
Stage 2 – SSB
Stage 3 – Medical Examination
Stage 4 – Merit
Stage 1. Written Examination
Written Examination is conducted by UPSC twice in a year, generally in Apr and Sep of each year for courses commencing in Jan and July in succeeding year respectively.
Paper 1 Mathematics for 300 Marks.
Part A – English for 200 Marks
Part B – General Awareness for 400 Marks and consists of Physics, Chemistry, Gen Science, History, Political Science, Geography, Economics and Current Affairs.
The detail Syllabi is as under:
Paper I- MATHEMATICS
Concept of a set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws. Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers – basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in the decimal system to binary system and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its application. Logarithms and their applications.
- Matrices and Determinants
Types of matrices, operations on matrices Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinant. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications – Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrical ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications – Height and distance, properties of triangles.
- Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions
Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. The angle between the two lines. The distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in a general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three-dimensional space, the distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. The angle between two lines and the angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.
- Differential Calculus
Concept of a real valued function – domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits – examples. Continuity of functions – examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of a function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative – applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect of another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.
- Integral Calculus and Differential equations
Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals – determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves – applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equation, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types – examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.
- Vector Algebra
Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of vectors, scalar product or dot product of two-vectors. Vector product and cross product of two vectors. Applications-work done by a force and moment of a force, and in geometrical problems.
- Statistics and Probability
Statistics Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution – examples Graphical representation – Histogram, Pie Chart, Frequency Polygon – examples. Measures of Central tendency – mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation – determination and comparison. Correlation and regression. Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability – classical and statistical – examples. Elementary theorems on probability – simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes theorem – simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.
Paper II – GENERAL ABILITY TEST
Part A – ENGLISH
The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding of English and workman-like use of words. The syllabus covers various aspects like Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidates proficiency in English. Details are- Synonyms, Antonyms, Spotting the error, Reconstruction of Sentences, Rearrangement of sentences, Sentence Completion, Comprehension.
Part B – GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events. The syllabus given below is designed to indicate the scope of these subjects included in this paper. The topics mentioned are not to be regarded as exhaustive and questions on topics of similar nature not specifically mentioned in the syllabus may also be asked. Candidates’ answers are expected to show their knowledge and intelligent understanding of the subject.
Section A (Physics)
Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer. Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of temperature and heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat.Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses. Human Eye.Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet. Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays.General Principles in the working of the following Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariners Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.
Section B (Chemistry)
Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon – different forms. Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial Material used in the preparation of substances like soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gun-Powder. Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.
Section C (General Science)
Difference between the living and non- living. Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of the human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention. Food – Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet.
The Solar System – Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists.
Section D (History, Freedom Movement etc.)
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation. Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five-Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy. Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.
Section E (Geography)
The Earth, its shape and size. Latitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering – Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, cyclones and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate. Major Natural regions of the World. Regional Geography of India – Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and industrial activities. Important Seaports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.
Section F (Current Events)
Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent years. Current important world events. Prominent personalities – both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.
Stage 2 – SSB
Please see details under SSB on our website.
Stage 3 – Medical
You have to be medically fit. You should not have any medical disability especially heart murmur, Knock Knee, flat foot, etc. It is advised to get medically checked up at an early stage and take remedial measures.
Stage 4 – Merit
It is advised that you must do well in written (900Marks) and SSB (900Marks) so that you get at least more than 50% marks (450Marks) to be sure of merit.
When you can appear for examination?
The best way is to attempt the NDA 2 Examination in September the year you are in 12th class so that you can Join NDA next year in July immediately after completion of your 12th. This way you save time. Your age will be ideally suited to reach top rank in the Armed Forces. It is very important that you join as early as possible. Most of the candidates who join NDA are in this category.
Minimum 16½ years and maximum 19½ years on the day you join Academy. Details are included in UPSC notification each year.
10+2 in any stream. However, for Air Force and Navy – Mathematics and Physics is a must.
Medically fit in all respect. For details, must study notification before filling up the NDA Application Form.
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About Kargil Defence Academy
AIM of Kargil Defence Academy is to train and motivate youths to join Defence Forces as an Officer. Armed Forces have shortage of more than 13000 Officers and Kargil Defence Academy is trying its best to contribute to overcome this deficiency by providing selfless service. It is a registered education institute by Registrar Sansthan, Jaipur. On a popular demand, KDA has also started courses and training for soldiers in all three services.
WE STAND FOR
VOLUNTARY, non-political, educational movement for young people, open to all without distinction of origin, race or creed.
OUR QUALITY is being monitored by highly battle experienced team of Officers consisting of Ex-GTO, Trained Psychologist and Interviewing Officer.
LIVE EXPOSURE provided by the academy to train candidates for Officers’ cadre in both Written and SSB interviews as well as to join any Corporate Sector.